Subaru. History, all models, images and interesting facts.

From Japanese Subaru means “Pleiades”, which is reflected in the logo.
“Subaru» (Subaru, katakana: スバル) – brand cars, a subsidiary and brand of the Japanese company Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI).

Subaru models:
The most famous model of the company – Impreza WRX STI
All producing model Subaru – wheel drive vehicles.
Baja
B9 Tribeca
Forester (a crossover SUV)
Impreza
Impreza WRX
Impreza WRX STi
Legacy / Liberty
Outback
Pleo (a Keicar)
R1 (a Keicar)
R2 (a Keicar)
Sambar (a Keicar)
Stella (a Keicar)


History subaru:
In February 1954 the company FHI was introduced to the world their prototype of the car, called the P-1, has received the following year the name of the Subaru 1500. Thus began the history of the car Subaru. Subaru («pointing the way” or “gather together”) – is the name of the cluster of stars in the constellation Taurus. Six stars can be seen in the night sky with the naked eye, but still an order of 250 – if you use a telescope. It is worth noting that the company FHI was formed by the merger of six companies it. Name of the map business philosophy. Philosophy of business in Japan as a whole.

Subaru 1500 showed excellent driving dynamics and stable handling thanks to its independent front suspension with curved transverse beams in combination with coil spring and oil damped double action, and the dependent suspension rear axle in combination trehlistovoy springs and double acting shock absorber oil. This car has great significance in the further development of models Subaru 360 and Subaru 1000.
In 1958, Subaru introduced to the market its 360-th model, which consisted, like most Japanese cars that were released at that time, a small-sized car. However, he stood out for its modern design: Subaru used when creating the car plastic and aluminum, as well as provided him with an independent rear suspension.

In 1966 was started the mass production of vehicle models “1000”, which became the first all-wheel drive Japanese cars.

Subaru Leone was born in June 1971, and followed her, in September 1972, there was a four-wheel drive version – Subaru Leone 4WD Station Wagon. Up to this point, fans of all-wheel drive is limited only to a large selection of off-road vehicle. Subaru also broke the stereotype by introducing a mass-wheel-drive model of the conventional car.

The chronology of the model modification can be represented as follows:
1972 – Release of models “Rex 550” and “1600”.
1983 – At the Tokyo Motor Show brought to small-sized wheel-drive model “Rex 4X4” and the small car class “Justy”.
1987 – Model “J u sty” the world’s first equipped with automatic mechanical V-belt drive with electronic control.
1989 – The launch of a family of four-wheel drive vehicles “Legacy”.
1991 – The emergence of the sports all-wheel compartment “SVX”.
1992 – Launch of the families “Vivio” and “Impreza”.
1993 – The launch of the second generation of “Legacy”.
1997 – Release of an SUV “Forester”.
2000 – Presentation of the SUV “Forester” model in 2000
In 2001, the Impreza has received the prestigious “Car of the Year” in Japan.
At the end of January 2005 under Detroit Motor Show was a new model Subaru: crossover luxury TRIBECA.

Subaru Impreza WRX
Subaru Impreza WRX – turbo Subaru Impreza, AWD. Available in variants of the sedan and station wagon. Good dynamics and control at a relatively low price made the WRX is very popular among car enthusiasts.

Subaru WRX sales began in 1992 in Japan, but very soon the model began to sell in Australia, North America and Europe. Compared with the base model Impreza, WRX to establish wider low-profile tires, improved brakes and a reinforced suspension. The main difference between WRX and STI from cheaper versions – the presence of turbocharging, and their external difference – the air intake on the bonnet.

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Toyota – Interesting facts about car creation.

In 1933, the company producing looms Toyota Automatic Loom Works decided to open a department for the manufacture of cars.

The first cars were produced in 1936. Car Model AA, Model G1 truck model was put into production in 1936. The first trucks were dispatched for sale in North China. In 1937 a separate building was built Toyota Motor Co., Ltd, a manufacturer of automobiles.

In 1947, the company has released model Toyota Model SA. The financial crisis that occurred in 1950, is not strongly affected the development of the company. And after that, the company’s business went up the hill every day. In 1952, the company’s founder died.

The most popular car brand Toyota Motor Co., Ltd Toyota Corona, Toyota Corolla, Toyota Celica, Toyota Carina, Toyota Tercel. In 1972, Toyota has released 10 million cars of Japanese brands.

Toyota has become one of the largest global companies in the automotive industry. Each year, the company produces more than five million cars. Toyota group includes a variety of companies. And in 2002, cars of this mark could be seen on the Formula 1 racing. In our time representation of Japanese companies can be found in all major cities. Every year comes a huge amount recognized throughout the world of cars with loud name Toyota.

The history of car creation

The first known drawings of the car (with a spring drive) belong to the Leonardo da Vinci (p. 812R Codex Atlanticus), but no current instance, no information about its existence until today did not happen. In 2004, experts of the Museum of the History of Science in Florence were able to restore this car to the drawings, proving the correctness of the ideas of Leonardo.

In the years 1769-1770. French inventor Jean Kyuno built three-wheeled tractor to move the artillery. “Truck Kyuno” consider not only the forerunner of the car, but the engine since it was set in motion the power of steam. Steam Truck for ordinary roads were built in England and Russia, but they were heavy and uncomfortable, so widespread is not received.

The emergence of a lightweight, compact and powerful enough internal combustion engine has opened up opportunities for the development of the car. In 1885, German inventor of the Daimler AG, and in 1886 his compatriot K. Benz began production of the first self-propelled carriages with gasoline engines. Considerable contribution to the wide dissemination of road transport has made the American inventor and industrialist, Mr. Ford. In Russia, the cars appeared in the late XIX century.

Widespread had electric cars and cars with a steam engine. In 1900, about half of the cars in the U.S. was on the steam fly.

In 1906 Stanley steam car company set a speed record – 203 km / h. Model 1907 was driving on one filling with water about 50 miles. Necessary for the movement of vapor pressure was achieved within 10-15 minutes from starting the car. These were the favorite car of police and firefighters of New England. Stanley Brothers made about 1000 cars a year. In 1909 the brothers opened the first in a Colorado hotel luxury. From the train station to hotel guests drove a steam bus, which was the actual start of automobile tourism. The firm produced a Stanley steam cars to run until 1927.